How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Warm Regards,
Destin

Komentarjev

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDayPred 13 dnevi

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

  2. Javic167

    Javic167Pred 7 urami

    I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

  3. Leo

    LeoPred dnevom

    YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

  4. Elizabeth Cullum Hart

    Elizabeth Cullum HartPred 2 dnevi

    @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

  5. Snoop Dogg

    Snoop DoggPred 3 dnevi

    What if it goes boom

  6. Daye Jung

    Daye JungPred 4 dnevi

    Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.

  7. Fenborg Mathias

    Fenborg MathiasPred 25 minutami

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  8. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew HobbsPred 45 minutami

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  9. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew HobbsPred 50 minutami

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  10. Matt Black

    Matt BlackPred uro

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

  11. Isaac Woo

    Isaac WooPred 2 urami

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  12. Grimes Elianna

    Grimes EliannaPred 2 urami

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  13. stellarfirefly

    stellarfireflyPred 2 urami

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

  14. Russell K

    Russell KPred 3 urami

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  15. Andrew Zeitler

    Andrew ZeitlerPred 5 urami

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  16. Don K. Johnson

    Don K. JohnsonPred 6 urami

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on SLthrow. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  17. Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Dimas Fajar NugrohoPred 6 urami

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  18. Abrad85

    Abrad85Pred 6 urami

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  19. lmw lmw

    lmw lmwPred 6 urami

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  20. RB

    RBPred 7 urami

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  21. The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 HawkPred 7 urami

    Fan-tastic

  22. SUNSEA5

    SUNSEA5Pred 8 urami

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  23. Meh

    MehPred 10 urami

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  24. angel gallegos

    angel gallegosPred 10 urami

    Why can’t they put a plant

  25. Sean Williams

    Sean WilliamsPred 10 urami

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  26. nocola nocola

    nocola nocolaPred 11 urami

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  27. Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff MitchellPred 12 urami

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  28. Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick HawthornePred 12 urami

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  29. Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan FriesenPred 13 urami

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  30. dlj rocket

    dlj rocketPred 13 urami

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

  31. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  32. random269

    random269Pred 15 urami

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  33. Rafael Guillen

    Rafael GuillenPred 15 urami

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

  34. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  35. The Murph77

    The Murph77Pred 15 urami

    Nine inch nail!!

  36. DommoPA

    DommoPAPred 16 urami

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  37. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen ParaparanPred 16 urami

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  38. Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow SquashPred 16 urami

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  39. WypmanGames

    WypmanGamesPred 17 urami

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

  40. WypmanGames

    WypmanGamesPred 13 urami

    @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

  41. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  42. Enila5

    Enila5Pred 17 urami

    19:41 father and son

  43. Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel FalconPred 17 urami

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

  44. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  45. Klipk

    KlipkPred 18 urami

    "So is this you job" LOL

  46. J Steensgaard

    J SteensgaardPred 20 urami

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

  47. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 11 urami

    @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

  48. J Steensgaard

    J SteensgaardPred 12 urami

    @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

  49. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    People.

  50. wabs05

    wabs05Pred 22 urami

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  51. B Person

    B PersonPred 22 urami

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  52. Andrew Murray

    Andrew MurrayPred 22 urami

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  53. Hey Ho

    Hey HoPred 22 urami

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  54. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar BellamkondaPred 23 urami

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  55. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar BellamkondaPred 23 urami

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. SLthrow never fails to amaze.

  56. Sheik S

    Sheik SPred dnevom

    I learn more information about your tips

  57. only pain

    only painPred dnevom

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  58. Joe D

    Joe DPred dnevom

    This was an amazing video

  59. Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir NobodyPred dnevom

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  60. Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy DexPred dnevom

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

  61. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  62. dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxcPred dnevom

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  63. rollonbc

    rollonbcPred dnevom

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

  64. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 12 urami

    @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

  65. rollonbc

    rollonbcPred 13 urami

    @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

  66. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  67. Silvia Fox

    Silvia FoxPred dnevom

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  68. Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton CloningerPred dnevom

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  69. Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan FPred dnevom

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  70. Open your eyes

    Open your eyesPred dnevom

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  71. Bryan Overton

    Bryan OvertonPred dnevom

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  72. scubaseppy

    scubaseppyPred dnevom

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  73. Tom Liu

    Tom LiuPred dnevom

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  74. Nate

    NatePred dnevom

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  75. Bath Minchew

    Bath MinchewPred dnevom

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  76. Jacob DeBerry

    Jacob DeBerryPred dnevom

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  77. Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Wild Mountain GwendyPred dnevom

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  78. Jason Garfitt

    Jason GarfittPred dnevom

    This is a great video

  79. Trevor Johnston

    Trevor JohnstonPred dnevom

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  80. Mr. Gherkin

    Mr. GherkinPred dnevom

    O x y g e n

  81. John Springart

    John SpringartPred dnevom

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  82. Michael Lederman

    Michael LedermanPred dnevom

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  83. Timothy Jeffiers

    Timothy JeffiersPred dnevom

    Cool stuff

  84. David Nielsen

    David NielsenPred dnevom

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  85. Muscle Head

    Muscle HeadPred dnevom

    The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris

  86. SlipKnighT09

    SlipKnighT09Pred dnevom

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  87. Test Test

    Test TestPred dnevom

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

  88. siren synapse

    siren synapsePred dnevom

    Only God can make oxygen, beotch.

  89. Daniel Curtis

    Daniel CurtisPred dnevom

    I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...

  90. Dan Ostrom

    Dan OstromPred dnevom

    so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?

  91. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    Out with the garbage.

  92. Willywamo

    WillywamoPred dnevom

    Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air

  93. Noah Manji

    Noah ManjiPred dnevom

    No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant

  94. Samuel Lipscomb

    Samuel LipscombPred dnevom

    Thank you.

  95. budgiefriend

    budgiefriendPred dnevom

    How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)

  96. Johan Faas

    Johan FaasPred dnevom

    The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....

  97. Drunk Astronaut

    Drunk AstronautPred dnevom

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  98. Chris Hayes

    Chris HayesPred dnevom

    Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?

  99. sffsd sfsf

    sffsd sfsfPred dnevom

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  100. Ptao Tom

    Ptao TomPred dnevom

    He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio

  101. Darth Vaper

    Darth VaperPred dnevom

    I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented

  102. Ptao Tom

    Ptao TomPred dnevom

    Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  103. kuddi B

    kuddi BPred dnevom

    Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂

  104. Noname Lolnonono

    Noname LolnononoPred dnevom

    Because they make there own 😂😂

  105. Ryan Krystowski

    Ryan KrystowskiPred dnevom

    This channel makes me smarter...every day!

  106. jackvonpit the last

    jackvonpit the lastPred dnevom

    This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos

  107. Hazy Skies

    Hazy SkiesPred dnevom

    I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**

  108. Hazy Skies

    Hazy SkiesPred dnevom

    Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.

  109. Hazy Skies

    Hazy SkiesPred dnevom

    Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/

  110. Riadul Islam

    Riadul IslamPred dnevom

    Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?

  111. Alex Fox

    Alex FoxPred dnevom

    use the oxygen candle for deep diving!

  112. Alex Fox

    Alex FoxPred dnevom

    Devin keeps using all the oxygen!

  113. MrAnthism

    MrAnthismPred dnevom

    No windows? Not a job for me!!!

  114. Poop Smith

    Poop SmithPred dnevom

    Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.

  115. Marco Badici

    Marco BadiciPred 2 dnevi

    Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"

  116. Clasmir

    ClasmirPred 2 dnevi

    You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol

  117. Flowmasta Flam

    Flowmasta FlamPred 2 dnevi

    sure, sniff away.

  118. Marc C

    Marc CPred 2 dnevi

    i feel like every crew is a scientist lol

  119. Leonidas

    LeonidasPred 2 dnevi

    Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.

  120. Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.Pred 13 urami

    He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.

  121. j abe

    j abePred 2 dnevi

    Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  122. Jacob Ellinger

    Jacob EllingerPred 2 dnevi

    this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?