Complete Guide To Starship: Falcon 9 VS Starship. What's new? What's different?

SpaceX is taking everything up a notch with Starship. This thing is the ultimate challenge in aerospace engineering, a FULLY and rapidly reusable super heavy lift launch vehicle, capable of taking 150 metric tonnes to low Earth orbit.
But Starship’s ultimate goal goes way beyond just terrestrial orbital ambitions, Starship is the first vehicle designed to actually take human beings to Mars and back again.
In order to achieve this absolutely bonkers goal, SpaceX has had to employ a litany of new technologies, use new materials, develop the most advanced rocket engines ever made and come up with some wild ideas that have never been tried before… and maybe for good reason.
So today I wanted to go over all of these new technologies and compare it to SpaceX’s Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy to help point out what things are new, what things are different and what they’ve learned from the Falcon family that will apply to Starship in order to really understand just how ambitious this project is.
We won’t be just scratching the surface here, in fact we’ll actually be taking you inside the rockets and showing you basically every single part and going over all of them with a fine tooth comb so you can learn as much as possible and have a definitive guide to Starship.
Article version -
Starship Playlist -
Is SpaceX's Raptor engine the king of rocket engines? -
A conversation with Elon Musk about Starship -
SLS Vs Starship: Why does SLS still exist? -
Why won't Starship have an abort system? -
Why SpaceX switched to stainless steel -
Why SpaceX's Starship will fall like a skydiver and not fly -
Will Starship make Artemis better than Apollo? -
Why Starship will only have 2 rear fins instead of 3 -
How much do rockets pollute? -
00:00 - Intro
05:05 - What's the same
06:00 - What’s Different // Engines and Fuels
23:05 - What's Different // Size, Capabilities, Construction, Costs
32:15 - What's Different // First Stage Reuse
41:50 - What's Different // Second Stage Reuse
53:40 - Conclusion
Special thanks to Caspar Stanley, subscribe to his channel! -
Want to support what I do? Consider becoming a Patreon supporter for access to exclusive livestreams, our discord channel and subreddit! -
Extra special thanks to my Mission Directors who are producers for these videos! - Matthew Rutledge, Jeff Hutchinson, Ruben Maier-Gerber, Austin Murnane, Frans de Wet, Chad Souter, Sam Fisher, Jason Kelnhofer, pexis petersons, Eric Beavers, Arthur Carty, Lawrence Mansour, DLB,Joshua Rule, David Glover, Scott G Raderstorf, Nicholas T. Gallman, Max Haot, John Malkin, TTTA, Jared smith, Simon Pilkington, Héctor Ramos, Tomdmay and Mac Malkawi
Or become a SLthrow member for some bonus perks as well! -
The best place for all your space merch needs!
All music is original! Check out my album "Maximum Aerodynamic Pressure" anywhere you listen to music (Spotify, iTunes, Google Play, Amazon, etc) or click here for easy links -
I'm the cohost of an awesome podcast where we talk all about current technologies and how they shape our future! or here on SLthrow


  1. Michael Behrns-Miller

    Michael Behrns-MillerPred 4 urami

    Got chills listening to Tim talk about how insanely difficult the bellyflop is, knowing SpaceX already nailed it.

  2. moesly89

    moesly89Pred 17 urami

    3:30 I laughed soooo hard at the Startship Launch System joke!! Clever very clever! Thanks for that Tim! 😂

  3. Tuhin Mia

    Tuhin MiaPred dnevom

    The dependent velvet phylogenitically replace because interviewer synthetically own but a daily improvement. mute, near scooter

  4. Angus Stewart

    Angus StewartPred dnevom

    Right now starship is so underrated, but it will be an icon of engineering in the next decade that will forever be remembered as how we became a true space faring species..

  5. Geno Bohez

    Geno BohezPred 2 dnevi

    they will continue in this way noturning back now

  6. Rex Prangnell

    Rex PrangnellPred 2 dnevi

    If refuelling in space it would seem easier to. Have a large refueling hose with a fuelling robot that fits it , I’m probably incorrect but would think the accidental collision of stArship and refueller would be catastrophic maybe safer to use the likes of a robot fueller on hoes connection

  7. Rex Prangnell

    Rex PrangnellPred 2 dnevi

    An old saying with regard to raptor engines on falcon and it goes something like this (if it ain’t. Broke don’t Fix it ) leave Falcon alone kapeesh

  8. John Doe

    John DoePred 3 dnevi

    Why do they bother to paint them in white and repaint them after every launch? Couldn't they be paint black from the begining?

  9. John Doe

    John DoePred dnevom

    @Angad Singh Neah...must be a better explanation

  10. Angad Singh

    Angad SinghPred dnevom

    @John Doe cuz it looks coool. It’s iconic.

  11. John Doe

    John DoePred dnevom

    @Angad Singh why they are white then?

  12. Angad Singh

    Angad SinghPred dnevom

    they don't repaint them.

  13. John Doe

    John DoePred 3 dnevi

    Why do they bother to paint them in white and repaint them after every launch? Couldn't they be black from the begining?

  14. PongoXBongo

    PongoXBongoPred 3 dnevi

    Rather than reusing a single set of stages, couldn't they have a refurbishment chain instead? Like 'set A' lands and gets trucked off for inspection. _While it's being inspected,_ 'set B' gets trucked out and launched. Then swap and re-swap as needed, like rechargeable batteries. They've shown that they can quickly crank out stainless steel Starships, so they could have a full chain of them to cycle through. Minimize waits, maximize launches. . For example, if refurb takes 50 days, then 51 'sets' could allow for daily launches. Granted that's _a lot_ of 'sets', but the number can be dialed up or down as needed. As few as 5 'sets' would allow for bi-weekly launches (or 2-3 a month).

  15. Cristina Stivala

    Cristina StivalaPred 4 dnevi

    Thanks for this really thorough breakdown! Rocket science is confusing Af

  16. Alpha1111100

    Alpha1111100Pred 6 dnevi

    34:14 seperation and return to launch site maneuver is mindblowing!!!

  17. Scarecro

    ScarecroPred 6 dnevi

    "This maneuver will make the Falcon 9's landing look like a walk in the park" May 2021 Update: They did it man

  18. Ray Bartlett

    Ray BartlettPred 7 dnevi

    I'd love an update on the Raptor engine, this video was made when they only had a couple hops.

  19. Kevin

    KevinPred 7 dnevi

    I'm seeing a large fuel storage station in earth orbit, lunar orbit, and Mars orbit one day so that starships will be able to refuel on location in various places. It will be interesting to see what infrastructure and logistics come about to get this interplanetary network going.

  20. Collin C

    Collin CPred 7 dnevi

    The futer is here baby

  21. Steve Anderson

    Steve AndersonPred 7 dnevi

    SN is just about the size of the seawolf class submarine, specifically the JIMMY CARTER......

  22. D S

    D SPred 8 dnevi

    Thank you Scott! You covered all the questions the others haven't yet. Great episode!

  23. Shoyo

    ShoyoPred 8 dnevi

    Updated video pleaseeee

  24. Rex Blueskyes

    Rex BlueskyesPred 8 dnevi

    their are objects at the 34.31 timeline true till 34.38. what do you think these are?

  25. McKay Hoffmann

    McKay HoffmannPred 8 dnevi

    50:05 I come from the future They do both!! 😂

  26. Trent Lyon

    Trent LyonPred 9 dnevi

    I suggest they call the combined system the “Starliner”, with the fist stage called the “Starbooster” and the upper stage called the “Starship”... that would make it a lot easier to follow.

  27. MarlonBitoy

    MarlonBitoyPred 9 dnevi

    2:48 The Boeing 747-100 was built in Seattle while the factory was built around it. (This was back when Boeing was cutting edge and innovative)

  28. Coleman Johnson

    Coleman JohnsonPred 10 dnevi

    I love the slight shade at blue origin when talking about how the rocket hovering is a waste of fuel! LOL SpaceX and Elon Musk ALL THE WAY!

  29. Apex Blue

    Apex BluePred 10 dnevi

    40:35 if only he knew

  30. Tiberius Maximus

    Tiberius MaximusPred 10 dnevi

    name thrusters penquin

  31. Jane McGann

    Jane McGannPred 10 dnevi

    Enjoying rewatching this after SN15’s successful landing today :)

  32. Gig27

    Gig27Pred 10 dnevi

    How many are here the day after SN15 successful landing?

  33. Code_FK8

    Code_FK8Pred 11 dnevi

    Has this stream been live for months? Got so confused when I saw 5 month old comments on a live video lol

  34. Awaken Now

    Awaken NowPred 11 dnevi

    What was flying in the sky so high at 35mins

  35. Aidan Gillard

    Aidan GillardPred 13 dnevi

    SpaceX is cool but the idolization of Elon is cringe

  36. Matthew Heinlein

    Matthew HeinleinPred 13 dnevi

    But the starship won't reverse direction in order to "Return to Launch Site"; it will simply complete one or more orbits, and re-enter when appropriate.

  37. Jan Heimann

    Jan HeimannPred 14 dnevi

    Great Video again!

  38. Randolph Jones

    Randolph JonesPred 15 dnevi

    Scotty I want you to beam me and my team up to be on mars right now. Yes ok captain beaming you and your team up to be on mars now.

  39. Max Hissen

    Max HissenPred 15 dnevi

    Funny how at 35:00 he says there's no atmosphere right as a seagull flies past :/

  40. Max Hissen

    Max HissenPred 7 dnevi

    @V MEMER 69 lol I was joking

  41. V MEMER 69

    V MEMER 69Pred 8 dnevi

    Cause he's not blind as you

  42. Junior Jetseter

    Junior JetseterPred 15 dnevi

    The good ANSWEARS for BIG questions we have whenever S-X does something big. Let's play & dream . A lot of doubts I have but I'm impressed with progress. My time is gold and can't say more.

  43. Andre D

    Andre DPred 16 dnevi

    50:03 I don't think it will ever happen that they will belly flop and explode xD

  44. Paul S

    Paul SPred 16 dnevi

    What would be the drawback of doubling the size of the grid fins?

  45. 蔡浩洋

    蔡浩洋Pred 17 dnevi

    Is it possible to place passengers in a gyro ball and be safe from the belly flop starship maneuver

  46. Michael Göthe

    Michael GöthePred 17 dnevi

    Wow. Have been following SpaceX but not super close. This was a great video to catch up.

  47. Saxman Shredder

    Saxman ShredderPred 17 dnevi

    Made 4 children

  48. Naison Magonyo

    Naison MagonyoPred 17 dnevi

    You knocked it man, u really did

  49. Adam

    AdamPred 18 dnevi

    This is one of the first times I have ever felt obliged to subscribe to a channel's Patreon. I'm a big fan of Space X, but honestly I had no idea how these things worked. Your explanations were clear and layman-friendly, while also making rocket science easy to understand, at least in the basic sense of understanding! Keep up the great work, Tim!

  50. Mader Levap

    Mader LevapPred 18 dnevi

    While most of video was quite informative, price section was quite painful to watch. No, Starship won't ever cost only few million $ per launch.

  51. Fluxx

    FluxxPred 18 dnevi

    To make the Starship (whole thing) vs Starship (the top part) comparison easier, I think we should name the whole thing the Starship Liftoff System, or SLS for short

  52. Jason Menke

    Jason MenkePred 19 dnevi

    A less than basic understanding of aerodynamics shows how much bs spaceX is. Not to mention Elon Musk is boring tunnels in LA which is obviously genius. My only questions are , why is this Musk not broke and why does anyone buy into this BS ?

  53. Jon Hunt

    Jon HuntPred 19 dnevi


  54. Paul Becker

    Paul BeckerPred 19 dnevi

    Please clarify? The Starship-Super Heavy combo can put 100 tons into LEO or all the way to the Moon/Mars?

  55. Paul Becker

    Paul BeckerPred 19 dnevi

    NVM... ~27:10

  56. deem

    deemPred 20 dnevi

    I think Elon is motivated and I trust in his vision. If it was anyone else my doubts would grow exponentially.

  57. Greg Virgo

    Greg VirgoPred 20 dnevi


  58. Robert Martin

    Robert MartinPred 20 dnevi

    I don’t know when I have ever heard a technical presentation so well put together (content) and so well delivered. The presentation was enthusiastic, perfectly paced with excellent voice control, and so clear and understandable. Fantastic job. Thank you

  59. bread

    breadPred 20 dnevi

    'flippity flappity finny airbrake things' lmao 😂

  60. bartosz 7170

    bartosz 7170Pred 21 dnevom

    Glad you are metric

  61. Enrique Vargas

    Enrique VargasPred 21 dnevom

    such a great work!! Thank you Tim!

  62. Indra Gunawan

    Indra GunawanPred 21 dnevom

    Starship Depot with active cooling as on orbit refueling depot.

  63. fleisch11

    fleisch11Pred 21 dnevom

    thank you! i was wondering how they move those (as you call them) "elonerons", but couldnt find anything on the subject.

  64. mosquito br2255

    mosquito br2255Pred 21 dnevom

    Time to add one more member to starship family: Russian Starship!!! rsrs

  65. skylord 323

    skylord 323Pred 21 dnevom

    This feel so out dated

  66. Nick Garcia

    Nick GarciaPred 22 dnevi

    I missed apollo. Never had a chance to see the shuttle. I'm 1000000000% making the bfr starship launch.

  67. Sauron Terrill

    Sauron TerrillPred 22 dnevi

    ... and thank you to KSP for some of that delicious footage!

  68. Lucas R.

    Lucas R.Pred 22 dnevi

    5 Month‘s later no legs needed anymore lol 😝

  69. Patrick Cahill

    Patrick CahillPred 22 dnevi

    Is the deep space starship image/design just speculation and assumption or is it actually what its going to look like?

  70. SpaceFO

    SpaceFOPred 22 dnevi

    At 34:46 you use a map of earth orbit in Kerbal space program no wonder Elon musk said he and his company embrace Kerbal space program lol

  71. Taylor Andrew

    Taylor AndrewPred 23 dnevi

    why was my main focus set on the monty python intro snuck into the failed rocket video lol

  72. vincTarbes

    vincTarbesPred 23 dnevi

    (Translate in english after)(greeting from France) SpaceX me fait rêver, comme quand j’avais 8 ans (en 1969) et que mon frère aîné m’expliquer tout de Apollo... Nuit blanche pour voir en direct le premier pas, une carte de la lune sur la table, la maquette du LEM au point d’atterrissage prévu... Whaouh, quels souvenirs ! Et après, plus rien, trop cher, trop compliqué, la crise du pétrole, et le Concorde aussi devenu trop gourmand, plus rien pour faire rêver aux avions et aux étoiles... Et là maintenant, plein d’enthousiasme à regarder Starship. Déjà, les 1er étage de Falcon9 qui reviennent, comme si de rien n’était, je ne me lasse pas. Et là, voir ce vaisseau faire son belly-flop, comme dans un rêve, mais non, on n’est pas dans un film de Flash Gordon ! C’est pour de vrai ! Vivement que la grande joie donnée pendant un moment par SN10 se renouvelle. Et là je pense à « Tintin » et sa « Conquête de la Lune », oui, pour de vrai, voir ces gros bidules rutilants se poser comme un charme, re-croire à la conquête de l’espace, vivement ! Oui ! (PS : Et le programme Artemis prend une toute autre envergure avec Starship aussi !!!) SpaceX makes me dream, like when I was 8 years old (in 1969) and my older brother explained to me everything about Apollo ... Sleepless night to see the first step live, a map of the moon on the table, the model of the LEM at the planned landing point ... Whaouh, what memories! And after, nothing, too expensive, too complicated, the oil crisis, and the Concorde also became too greedy, nothing to make the planes and the stars dream ... And right now, full of excitement watching Starship. Already, the 1st stage of Falcon9 coming back, as if nothing had happened, I can't get enough of it. And there, to see this ship do its belly-flop, like in a dream, but no, this is not a Flash Gordon movie! This is for real! I can't wait for the great joy given for a while by SN10 to be renewed. And there I am thinking of "Tintin" and his "Conquest of the Moon", yes, for real, seeing these big shiny gadgets posing like a charm, re-believing in the conquest of space, strongly! Yes ! (PS: And the Artemis program takes a whole new dimension with Starship too !!!)

  73. skylord 323

    skylord 323Pred 21 dnevom

    Thank you for the translation.:)

  74. Robert Paul Guidry

    Robert Paul GuidryPred 23 dnevi

    worth watching...loved it..

  75. TecSanento

    TecSanentoPred 24 dnevi

    Will Space X stop producing and flying the falcon 9 once starship is operational ?

  76. Donald T Jordin

    Donald T JordinPred 24 dnevi

    Why not use a reenter burn instead of tyles?

  77. miles tian

    miles tianPred 27 dnevi

    I think space elevator is more practical...

  78. Homer & Bart Show

    Homer & Bart ShowPred 27 dnevi

    I think I just noticed something falcon only has 1 rocket engine star ship has 3 but falcon has landed I’m not the smartest person in the world but I think that would mean you should only use 1 engine

  79. Oh No Oh No No No

    Oh No Oh No No NoPred 28 dnevi

    Am i wrong.. ? can someone tell me how much PK horsepower those booster have..?

  80. Calk Pon

    Calk PonPred 29 dnevi

    Star ship better

  81. Pascal Arens

    Pascal ArensPred mesecem

    Internet family blocker

  82. eNeRGy

    eNeRGyPred mesecem

    I would like Starship Launch System merch plz

  83. SpaceXplained

    SpaceXplainedPred mesecem

    It's crazy to me how many people still don't know that SpaceX exists... And I can't believe I used to be one of them!

  84. SpaceXplained

    SpaceXplainedPred 27 dnevi

    @KSP Suchti yeah, sadly my first exposure to SpaceX and really space in general was Demo 2. Been hooked ever since!

  85. KSP Suchti

    KSP SuchtiPred 27 dnevi

    Yes! The same thing goes for me. The first time I got to know about SpaceX was just a few weeks before the In-Flight Abort Test back in February last year I believe. It´s been quite a ride and I can still remeber just watching SN1 and SN3 "exploding". So much has happened since then.

  86. Salvitori Popadillo

    Salvitori PopadilloPred mesecem

    They've been saying that we're going to go to Mars since I was a little boy. They've been saying we're going back to the moon. When are people going to wake up?

  87. Cha7

    Cha7Pred 29 dnevi

    @Salvitori Popadillo ok give me the footage then

  88. Salvitori Popadillo

    Salvitori PopadilloPred 29 dnevi

    ​@Cha7 They did say that! If you keep looking, you'll find the footage. They've been saying we'll put people back on the moon And get people mars for decades!

  89. Cha7

    Cha7Pred 29 dnevi

    @Salvitori Popadillo they never said they can't go past the van allen belts, they haven't gone back to the moon because it's a bureaucratic nightmare and wasn't that useful at all

  90. Salvitori Popadillo

    Salvitori PopadilloPred 29 dnevi

    @Cha7 Go through all the elections over the past 40years. How many presidents have claimed that we'll have manned missions to mars or to the moon?? It's the same BS every election. Go back and watch what GHWB said when he was getting elected and what he said. Then watch Clinton and so on. All BS! Nasa claims to have sent 6 manned missions to the moon over 50 years ago. For the last 15 years, they've said they can't get past the Van Allen belts. How'd they do it five decades ago but can't now? I'll tell you. "We destroyed the technology and it's a painful process to build back. -Don Pettis a so called astroNot. HA! If you believe that garbage then I'm sorry!

  91. Cha7

    Cha7Pred mesecem

    wake up to what ?

  92. Dávid

    DávidPred mesecem

    Where he explains what starship is, it was like watching a Forgotten weapons episode.

  93. Kim Williams

    Kim WilliamsPred mesecem

    What the mind of man can conceive it can achieve correct

  94. Sumin

    SuminPred mesecem

    37:21 pretty fast touchdown.


    İLYAS KAYNAKPred mesecem


  96. Sjedtm__

    Sjedtm__Pred mesecem

    54:54 NASA: am i a joke to you?

  97. Sjedtm__

    Sjedtm__Pred mesecem

    @Starship SN10 i know

  98. Starship SN10

    Starship SN10Pred mesecem

    Starship is the most powerful. SLS is second

  99. Theoo0rt

    Theoo0rtPred mesecem

    The fuel isn’t reusable, but I have a fix. A giant straw with Elon’s face on it and an astronaut slurps up the bomb stuff in the engines and vomits it up like a mother bird into the magic rubbish converter

  100. zews1

    zews1Pred mesecem

    Thanks for the excellent explanations of all the various components. At 11:34, you say "30 degrees Celsius". I think you might have meant 30 degrees Fahrenheit.

  101. Sanford Winston

    Sanford WinstonPred mesecem

    The far physician astonishingly itch because responsibility potentially concern per a nervous laundry. fat faulty, amused fifth


    EDDE_PEDDEPred mesecem

    It will probably land with fixed legs or deployable legs. Elon: I dont think so...

  103. Ramin Arezou

    Ramin ArezouPred mesecem

    Watching for 4th time.

  104. Roger Milloy

    Roger MilloyPred mesecem

    The bright pepper conspicuously detect because athlete mathematically pick absent a painful flag. flawless, impolite summer

  105. Just a Man on Earth

    Just a Man on EarthPred mesecem

    CGI thing has gone better !

  106. Gianluca Rocca

    Gianluca RoccaPred mesecem

    amazing researches!

  107. Jimbojambo

    JimbojamboPred mesecem

    How does the bfr keep telemetry in the plasma part of the atmosphere

  108. Theodor Florin

    Theodor FlorinPred mesecem

    It's worth noting that Steel also has a different inertia than Aluminium hence the stress on learning how to land the thing.

  109. Lij 175

    Lij 175Pred mesecem

    Not sure if this is a good question but how would you test for a vacuum optimized engine? Wouldn’t flow separation become an issue?

  110. Edward Cajal

    Edward CajalPred mesecem

    Excellent explanation

  111. Clorox Soda

    Clorox SodaPred mesecem

    Elon said no legs

  112. IC4c3s Gaming

    IC4c3s GamingPred mesecem

    The superficial exchange ultimately juggle because leek concordantly snore below a quack sampan. placid, careful eggnog

  113. JustJTMD

    JustJTMDPred mesecem

    5:28 "they both have *legs*" well...

  114. BatchlorofYoutube

    BatchlorofYoutubePred mesecem

    35:00 you can see a space bird flying by the rocket. thats cute.

  115. Lorrita xavier

    Lorrita xavierPred mesecem

    The sloppy chronometer consistently add because africa echographically check through a gainful inventory. adjoining, frantic truck

  116. Adam Putz

    Adam PutzPred mesecem

    Hard to imagine a video about rockets becoming out of date as fast as it has. It’s amazing how fast spacex works.

  117. c7042

    c7042Pred mesecem

    My condolences about your SN11 camera's demise.